Bali's major industry is tourism, followed by the creation and export of handicrafts. Agriculture fits in somewhere. One of the crafts known for Bali, and Indonesia is batik. Batik is a means of creating a dyed pattern on cloth. Both silk and cotton batiks are manufactured in Bali. While in Bali we toured a small batik mill in the village of Cili (pronounced "Shilli" ) near Ubud.
I previously knew nothing about batik, but while visiting the mill I learned there are two basic styles of batik-- one style weaves the bolt of cloth, then stamps a pattern using various colored dyes onto the cloth. The second method, described as Balinese batik weaves the pattern directly into the fabric. This is a far more complicated and labor intensive process, and produces a higher quality batik. The stamped method, although producing a sharp and multi-colored pattern, is of lower quality I was told, and typically produced in Java. (There was clearly some animosity and rivalry between the Balinese and Javanese. Our driver and tour guide told me that, "there was no good karma in Java").
Many of the looms sat idle in this mill. There were only four or five employees working while we visited. We were told that demand for the batik goods is currently way down, apparently due to the decline in the world economy. Most of the goods from this mill are shipped to Europe.